Project completed in April, 2012.
E&S Environmental Chemistry was contracted to write national protocols for the U.S. Forest Service for the sampling and analysis of lakes and streams throughout the United States that receive atmospheric inputs of nitrogen, sulfur, pesticides, and other toxic materials. Separate protocols were written for the field sampling, laboratory analysis, quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC), data analysis, and biological sampling (lake zooplankton and stream benthic macroinvertebrates) components of inventory and monitoring studies. In addition, a Transition Plan and Training Plan (with PowerPoint presentation) were prepared. This work was managed by Dr. Sullivan, with input from collaborating scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey, Oregon State University, and the University of Virginia. It is planned that these new protocols will guide Forest Service monitoring efforts nationwide for the foreseeable future.